Holiday in Croatia
Croatia has an impressive history, a fact that is best explained through the vast array of sites worth visiting. Most towns have an historical center with its typical architecture. There are differences between the coast and the continental part, so both areas are a must. The most famous is Dubrovnik, a prime example of the coastal architecture, but by no means the only one worth visiting. Equally important is the capital and largest city, Zagreb, with a population of about 1 million. It is a modern city with all the modern features, yet it has a laid back feel. In the east, in the region of Slavonija with it's regional capital Osijek and the war torn Vukovar are awe inspiring. Scattered throughout the region are vineyards and wine cellars, most of which give tours and tastings.
Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatska) is a country in the Balkans on the east side of the Adriatic Sea, to the east of Italy. It is surrounded by Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Serbia in the east, and Montenegro to the south.
There are three regions of croatia:
Lowland Croatia (croatian: "Nizinska Hrvatska"), Littoral Croatia (cr. "Primorska Hrvatska") and Mountainish Croatia (cr. "Gorska Hrvatska").
Littoral Croatia is made of north and south Croatian coastline: Northern coastline consists of:
Istria (cr. "Istra") - a peninsula in the northwest, bordering Slovenia
Kvarner - seashore and highlands north of Dalmatia
Southern coastline consists of only:
Dalmatia (cr. "Dalmacija")- a strip of mainland and islands between the Mediterranean and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lowland Croatia consists of:
Slavonia (cr. "Slavonija")- northeastern area of forests and fields, bordering Hungary, Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Central Croatia (cr. "Središnja Hrvatska") - north central highlands, location of Zagreb and the Croatian part of the Žumberak.
Zagreb - the capital and largest city.
Dubrovnik - historic coastal city and UNESCO World Heritage site.
Split- ancient port city with Roman ruins.
Pula - biggest town in Istria with the Roman amphitheater (commonly called Arena)
Osijek - capital of Slavonia and an important city.
Slavonski Brod -
Rijeka - Croatia's largest and main port
Varaždin - Croatia's former Baroque capital.
Zadar - biggest city of north-central Dalmatia with rich history.
Northern Croatia has a temperate continental climate whereas central, semi-mountainous and mountainous regions have a mountainous climate. The entire Adriatic coast has a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Spring and autumn are mild along the coast, while winter is cold and snowy in central and northern regions. The average temperature inland in January ranges from -10 to 5°C, August 19 to 39°C. The average temperature at the seaside is higher: January 6 to 11°C, August 21 to 39°C.
Geographically diverse; flat plains along the Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near the Adriatic coastline and islands. There are 1,185 islands; the largest ones are Brač, Krk and Cres. The highest point is Dinara, at 1,830 m.
Roads in Croatia are usually well maintained, but usually vey narrow and full of curves. It's difficult to find a true highway with more than one way per direction, the only exceptions being the ones connecting Rijeka, Zagreb, Zadar and Split. Speed limits are thus low (60 - 90 kmh), and it's not recommended to drive faster (although most locals do), especially at night. Be aware of animals crossing the road.
Renting a car is around the same price as in any other EU country (from around €40). Most rental agencies in the Balkans allow you to rent a car in one country and drive in the neighboring countries however try to avoid a renting a car in Serbia and driving it into Croatia in order to avoid negative attention from locals.
Sailing is a good way to see the coastal islands and networks of small archipelagos. Most charters leave from Split or the surrounding area on the North or the South circuit, each offering its own pros and cons. A good way is to book a package with a company at home, but many Croatian companies also offer both bareboat and crewed charters.
Croatia was the first country in Europe to start with the concept of commercial naturist resorts. According to some estimates about 15% of all tourists that visit the country are naturists or nudists (more than one million each year). There are more than 20 official naturist resorts as well as a very large number of the so-called free beaches which are unofficial naturist beaches, sometimes controlled and maintained by local tourist authorities. In fact, you are likely to find nudists on any beach outside of town centers. Naturist beaches in Croatia are marked as "FKK". The most popular nudist destinations are Pula, Hvar and island Rab.
Many Croatians speak English as their second language, but German and Italian are very popular too (largely because of the large annual influx of German and Italian tourists). People in the tourist industry most often speak English quite well, as do the younger generation, especially in the tourist areas of Istria, along the coast down to Dubrovnik, and in the capital, Zagreb. Elder people will rarely speak English, but you shouldn't have any problems if you switch to German or Italian. If you know Czech, you can try it as well, as Czech and Croatian are partially mutually intelligible (but some words are very different) and in many places, Croatian people are used to large number of Czech tourists.
Vacation Rentals Croatia